Bag Gardening

Why to choose this solution?
For many urban and slums dwellers, space is limited, while for those living in areas with insufficient rains, the same is true of water. For all these growers, vertical sack gardening is emerging as a way to grow a large supply of vegetables despite water and other constraints. The garden is most suitable for growing vegetables such as kales, spinach, coriander, onions, tomatoes, okra and eggplant. Normally when the green leafy vegetables are ready for harvest they can be harvested 2-3 times a week and deliver strong nutritional value, containing vitamins A, C and K that are particularly essential for growing children.
Savings per day or production:
This creative innovation is an efficient water management venture as the sacks are tailored to ensure that there is no water seepage or waste, thus ensuring all plants are well watered. With this option, a space that can be occupied by two kale (sukuma wiki) seedlings planted the conventional way, can be occupied by one sack that can hold up to 150 seedlings, thus is increasing food production by 75 fold.
Cost in money and in own time to construct:
Small garden costs vary by size, location and complexity. One would spend anywhere from $4 to $18 per square foot after installation. Design costs run in the $0.05 to $0.75 per square foot or about 5% to 10% of the project cost.
Grow bags are predicted to last 7 to 8 seasons, but with good care, they can last for much longer. Grow bags fabric is pressed together, not woven, which increases their durability.
Maintenance needed:
Regularly maintaining a garden involves many things including: Lawn care (mowing, trimming, laying) Weeding. Applying either organic or inorganic fertilizers and pesticides.
Resources needed in use:
Jembe - to dig the soil that will be mixed with other components for constructing the garden; Forkjembe - to dig the soil in hard ground areas; Spade - to be used in collection and mixing the soil components; Tinsnip/Knive - to cut the top part of the tin completely; Tin punch - to punch holes on the tins surfaces and the bottom; Wheelbarrow - to measure and transport the various soil parts to the recommended ratio; Equipment for VSG1. Perforated tins, 50kgs sacks, gravel, clay soil, sand soil, manure, seeds and water. Purpose of various equipment: Perforated tins - to pass water through to the soil component, hold the gravel in the sack, filters dirty water, bottom tins have few holes and no holes on the bottom, second bottom tin have more holes and third tin has more holes than the rest.
Problems and limits:
Digging, kneeling, stooping or bending over, and a variety of other repetitive movements that are all part of gardening can be harmful to your joints, to your bones, to your muscles, and can cause blisters on your hands and possibly also on your feet.
Where and how can you get it or make it?
Smart farm, Hela mchangani-Kangemi Nairobi.
Skills needed to produce, install. maintenance, use:
Soil Analysis, Composting (or Worm Binning), Sun Exposure Charting, Seed Germination, Planter Building, Diligent Pest Control, Pollinating, Tool Care and Maintenance.
How to use it:
How to maintain it:
Climate effect (if any):
The technique uses very little water, and one can use recycled water, making it economical. The method has created employment and generated income for both rural and urban dwellers, and has proved to be a good way for farmers to adapt to the effects of climate change.
Where it is used and how many users are there?
It is practised everywhere.
Why is it successful?
Increased production per unit area (up to six fold), Efficient on time, labour and water, Provision of good agricultural nutrition, Can be accessed by all and low-land requirement (as low as 3 sq meters).
If you can make it, a short description, typical problems, materials needed.:
Necessary Materials: A woven burlap or plastic bag, such as a used food aid sack, Create the Base. Fill the bottom of the bag or sack with soil, Build Up, Fill the Bag, Cut Sites for Plant Growth, Transplant Seedlings, Plant on the Top and Use.
How to make it (if possible):
How is it delivered and by whom?
Successful financial model
What policies and strategies helped the success?
The adoption of urban agriculture as a livelihood strategy as it promotes vertical bag farms that need limited space to set and operate.
More info:
The Real IPM Co.(Kenya) Ltd. P.O. Box 4001-01002 Madaraka, Thika, Kenya. Tel +254 (0)725 806086, General enquiries: Sales orders: OR
Name of the association uploading the case:
SusWatch Kenya
When was the case uploaded? (YYYY-MM-DD):