Jiko Bora



Country:
Tanzania
Why to choose this solution?
Jiko Bora stove is a metal ceramic charcoal stove with efficiency ranging from 35-44% compared to traditional charcoal stoves whose efficiency range from 18-22%. Improved efficiency of the stove contributes to reduced charcoal consumption.
Savings per day or production:
Savings of 50 % charcoal compared to traditional metal charcoal stoves.
Cost in money and in own time to construct:
The stove is available in various sizes from 9,10,11,14,18 and 22 inches diameter. Depending on the size of the stove, the price of the stoves range from 15,000/- to 150,000 Tanzanian Shillings equivalent to US$ 6.5 to 65. The stoves have ceramic or clay liners enclosed with a metal body. The process to make the stove involves preparing the clay liner, partial sun drying, hardening by firing in the kiln, making the outer metallic body and assembling the two parts together. Normally preparation of liner and cladding (metal part) is done by two different production sections. It is estimated that producing one stove might take about 2 hours.
Lifetime:
1-4 years, unless dropped, overloaded with charcoal or wetted frequently.
Maintenance needed:
In case the clay liner breaks while the outer metallic part is still strong, clay liner replacement is possible.
Resources needed in use:
Charcoal is the material needed in use of the stove.
Problems and limits:
There are quality control problems due to lack of standards enforcement and engagement of informal sector in the business who does not abide to the guidelines and standards.
Where and how can you get it or make it?
"Available in Tanzania, produced by SEECO company and other local entrepreneurs."
Skills needed to produce, install. maintenance, use:
Production needs a skilled potter and metal artisans. To produce Jiko Bora 3-5 days of training are needed. Maintenance and use need short introduction only.
How to use it:
https://www.facebook.com/TaTEDO/videos/778253385604075
How to maintain it:
Climate effect (if any):
Increased efficiency reflect improvement in combustion properties of charcoal and thus justifies the minimum emissions of smoke and greenhouse gases. Use of Jiko Bora also reduce the amount of charcoal that would have been required for cooking in traditional stove therefore contributes to reduced deforestation.
Where it is used and how many users are there?
Used all over Tanzania especially in urban area, around 10,000 - 15,000 stoves are produced and sold every month, used by more than 40% of urban households in Tanzania.
Why is it successful?
Successful because is it efficient in fuel consumption, thus saving money which would have been required to purchase charcoal. Also the increase in costs of charcoal and other fuels particularly in urban areas is another factor motivating people to use it.
If you can make it, a short description, typical problems, materials needed.:
Iron sheet, pottery clay soil and insulation/binding material (mixture of cement, vermiculate/rice ashes and water)
How to make it (if possible):
Requires short trainings
How is it delivered and by whom?
Main actors of Jiko bora include suppliers of raw materials, stove producers (SEECO, Sahara, etc.), stove sales agents and end-users. Producers normally sell Jiko to the sales agents and then end-users buy from the sales agents. It is also possible for end-users to buy direct from the company. Sales agents are available everywhere in the country.
Successful financial model
Initial support was provided by development partners. In the past, the sector received some support from development partners including investment capital to establish stove production workshops, capacity building, demonstration and awareness raising. Development partners have also supported advocacy work and development of national strategies, guidelines and laws.
What policies and strategies helped the success?
Charcoal Policy Study (World Bank 2009), Biomass Energy Strategy of Tanzania (2014) with ambitious target of reducing urban charcoal demand by 50% by 2030 and Sustainable Energy for All Action Agenda of 2015 targeting to achieve more than 75% of the population in Tanzania using cleaning cooking solutions by 2030. Stakeholders in the sector have also established alliance on Clean Cooking and Fuels Alliance of Tanzania (CCFAT) which intends to coordinate the sector.
More info:
https://www.facebook.com/SEECOtz/
Sources:
https://www.tatedo.or.tz/
Name of the association uploading the case:
Centre for Sustainable Energy Services (TaTEDO)
When was the case uploaded? (YYYY-MM-DD):
2020-08-27